Classical regenerative massage

Massage is generally divided into procedures of physical therapy, specifically to mechanotherapy, when we affect through variously intensive pressure and friction on the skin of the client. 

SINGLE TOUCH IN PREVIOUSLY DEFINED COMPOSITION

The most used surface technique is friction, which affects skin and subcutaneous tissues. Deeper layers are affected by bigger force by spreading and effleurage technique. We affect with them muscle, tendons, joints and joint capsules, space between the bones, palms of the hands and foot soles. Another technique is kneading, that is when we affect not only skin but also subcutaneous layer, but especially muscles.

Another technique which is used during the massage is tapping, that is when we switch both hands in high frequencies with rhythmical impacts and we can relieve the muscles or stimulate them. The last technique used here is shaking, here we affect especially muscles. In dependency to the speed we either increase the muscle tension, or lower the muscle tension (relaxing).

The direction of the technique against the trunk is going towards the heart, with limbs we go from fingers/toes up closer to the trunk (also towards the heart). With correctly led technique we help the blood to return back towards the heart, and we also support the outflow of lymph from the tissues.

WHAT DOES A MASSAGE BY US LOOK LIKE?

Massage by us is performed in a pleasant, relax inducing environment. Therapist performs in advance defined techniques containing combination of pressure and friction, which affects the back or different part of the massaged body according to the selection. Classical massage can be combined with lava stone massage, which will perfectly warm you up and relieve the massaged parts.

During massage it is ideal to relax and avoid any bigger physical burden for the rest of the day. At the same time we really recommend, given to the increased cell metabolism, the sufficient income of fluids, which we of course support by offering a herbal or green tea to the client, or glass of water, according to the wish of the client. Sufficient amount of fluids (cca. 3 liters per day) is needed for quality outflow of the waste substances from the intracellular space and its outflow from the organism.

TYPES OF CLASSICAL MASSAGE

Massages can be divided according to the area, which is massaged

  • Partial - head and nape, back, arms and legs (reserve on each limb at least 30 minutes)
  • Full body massage - it is a massage lasting at least 90 minutes

EFFECTS OF THE MASSAGE

During the massage we try to achieve treatment effect not only in the massaged area, but also in the whole organism. Mechanical stimulation of the tissues more easily releases waste substances, which thanks to the blood circulatory system gets from the whole body and it secures general response to the massage. At the same time there is an outflow through the lymphatic and vascular system, the waste substances are washed away from the intracellular space (for example: carbon dioxide, lactic acid etc…).

Cell metabolism

Local affecting leads to removal of the surface hardened skin cells and that relieves the outflow of the sweat glands. It improves chemical processes in the cells of the skin. The skin and subcutaneous layer get better blood supply, which increases the supply of oxygen, nutrition and protective substances - immunoglobulin. At the same time the waste substances from the metabolism (carbon dioxide, lactic acid etc…) are washed aways from the lymphatic system and consequently to the vascular bloodstream.

Peripheral nerves and brain

By affecting the nerve endings in the skin can lower or dampen the pain in this area, alternatively in area which have a functional relation to the given area. By deeper techniques we can positively affect stiff muscles (trigger points), adhesions or scarred tissues in the joint capsules or tendon sheaths. Massage affects not only the controlling and regulatory activity of the brain, but also psychic of the person, which can have a relaxing and stimulating effect.

Accelerated regeneration

Massage also supports the absorption of the inflammatory exudate, increased blood supply supports regeneration of the muscles after physical activity and it improves muscle performance.

Internal organs

Through reflexive arc is through the nerve endings in the skin, and subcutaneous tissues, muscles and tendons transferred through mechanical irritation impulses, thanks to which we can affect the disrupted function of the internal organs in the given segment.

INDICATION

  • Removed tiredness after physical, but also psychological burden
  • Regeneration of the organism no matter the sport activity
  • Removed muscle tension  and pain for example during stereotypical work and insufficient movement activity
  • Strengthening the immunity system
  • After consultation with doctor it is ideal to divide the general massage into two phases (that applies by diabetes, epilepsy, high, low or oscillating blood pressure)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • Acute cold (cough, runny nose, fever)
  • Infectious diseases
  • Inflammatory diseases
  • Oncological diseases
  • Directly after meal (1-2 hours)
  • Serious bleeding conditions (hemophilia, leukemia etc…)
  • Drunkenness, conditions under the effect of psychoactive substances, acute psychosis
Author: Mgr. Iva Bílková, FYZIOklinika fyzioterapie s.r.o., Prague